Politics

Slovakia forges ahead on carbon farming – EURACTIV.com

Whereas the EU remains to be ready for the European Fee to suggest a standard framework for selling farming practices that assist take away carbon from the ambiance, Slovakia has charged forward and drawn up a brand new land-use local weather fund.

The cash from the fund will reward farmers for environmentally pleasant practices on the land, based on the ministry’s state secretary, Martin Kováč.

Talking to EURACTIV Slovakia, Kováč defined that farmers will have the ability to obtain particular subsidies, for instance for making use of extra natural relatively than artificial fertilisers, practising no-till and regenerative farming, and the creation of panorama options or contour crop rotation.

“This improves the power of the soil to retain water and likewise retailer carbon,“ he mentioned.

On this approach, Slovakia’s new fund represents monetary assist for what the European Fee has not too long ago framed as carbon farming

Carbon farming: EU ministers discover the satan within the particulars

Whereas France’s Julien Denormandie lauded member states’ enthusiasm on low-carbon agriculture, the casual assembly of EU agriculture ministers in Strasbourg revealed difficult technical questions on the matter that also lie forward.

Slovakia’s new local weather fund is not going to be linked to the Frequent Agricultural Coverage (CAP), the EU’s farming subsidies programme, however will probably be financed by way of a number of sources, Kováč defined.

Firstly, will probably be funded from a part of the revenues from the EU-wide carbon emission buying and selling system (EU ETS). The second stream will movement from voluntary contributions coming from non-public firms serious about storing carbon within the land.

Lastly, the ministry goals to finance the fund from monetary sanctions collected from farmers who mistreat the land.

“The goal is to inspire farmers to observe higher and extra benign land administration. The sanction mechanism would come as a final resort,“ the state secretary added.

The fund is a part of a brand new guiding idea of the federal government named ‘Land: water and carbon bank’, which is being ready by Kováč, who took workplace on the ministry in January.

He plans to draft a legislative proposal for the fund this yr. Nevertheless, it’s not but clear what response this concept will encounter within the governing coalition.

EU motion lags behind

In the meantime, the EU government is about to desk a proposal for an EU-wide framework on learn how to certify and remunerate farming practices that assist seize carbon within the soil – that’s, carbon farming – by the top of the yr.

Agriculture Commissioner Janusz Wojciechowski has repeatedly voiced his assist for enhancing carbon farming and the Fee set out first steps on this path in a communication on carbon cycles revealed on the finish of final yr.

Discovering a standard place of the member states on the matter has additionally been a precedence of French Agriculture Minister Julien Denormandie for France’s presidency over the council of EU agriculture ministers, which lasts till the top of June.

Nevertheless, a spread of technical and sensible questions over what a certification and remuneration system would seem like are nonetheless open, and the difficulty has considerably light into the background these days as worries over the impression of the Ukraine battle got here to the fore throughout agricultural ministers’ conferences.

Slovakia just isn’t the primary nation that has cast forward with nationwide initiatives whereas awaiting an EU-wide framework.

France, for instance, has already put in place a voluntary system of carbon credit, by way of which farmers can promote unfavourable emission certificates to different companies, and Spain has chosen to remunerate some low-carbon practices by way of CAP subsidies.

[Edited by Natasha Foote/Zoran Radosavljevic]



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