significant additions made it into the final text – EURACTIV.com

The long-waited last textual content for the Digital Markets Act, seen by EURACTIV, incorporates some surprising last-minute modifications.

The EU co-legislators reached an settlement on the Digital Markets Act (DMA) on 24 March. Since then, stakeholders have been attempting to pay money for the ultimate textual content, fine-tuned within the utmost secrecy till it was lastly circulated on Thursday (14 April).

The textual content will possible be introduced to the Council’s competitors working occasion on 28 April and authorized by the EU ambassadors on the Committee of Everlasting Representatives (COREPER) on 4 Might.


The textual content’s preamble was modified to make clear the that means of the authorized obligations and make a authorized problem tougher.

The textual content now clearly states that the DMA is meant to make sure the contestability of all on-line companies. A basic clarification of contestability and equity has additionally been added.

Contestability might be harmed even by an oligopoly of gatekeepers. In instances the place competitors between platforms isn’t doable within the quick time period, competitors inside the dominant platform must be ensured.

Unfairness is outlined as “an imbalance between the rights and obligations of business users where the gatekeeper obtains a disproportionate advantage.” Importantly, this idea doesn’t exclude companies freed from cost, resembling search outcomes.

Furthermore, gatekeepers can not exclude or discriminate in opposition to companies, an important specification in gentle of the brand new obligations on default settings, permitting customers to decide on their serps, digital assistants and internet browsers by way of a alternative display.

Default settings, sideloading, third-party apps

The doc states that customers ought to be capable to uninstall any apps that aren’t important to the functioning of the working system or machine.

On sideloading, new wording has been added to make sure that third-party apps and app shops can ask customers to turn into their default setting. The Council’s language on permitting gatekeepers to use ‘duly justified’ safety necessities to the third-party apps has been added.

Equally, the gatekeepers should guarantee its {hardware} and software program are interoperable with third events. Nonetheless, it might take the strictly essential measures to make sure that offering this interoperability doesn’t injury software program and machine.


The textual content mandates that gatekeepers’ app shops, serps, and social media need to respect truthful, affordable and non-discriminatory (FRAND) entry to their companies for enterprise customers. A ‘future-proof’ clause has been added to handle unfair practices that aren’t but existent however may develop sooner or later.

The gatekeeper must publish basic situations of entry to clarify how the FRAND phrases apply to their platforms, together with another dispute settlement mechanism. The EU govt would test that the overall situations adjust to the regulation.

Knowledge provisions

A completely new requirement prevents gatekeepers from utilizing private information from customers which might be utilizing the service offered by a 3rd occasion when that third-party service is utilizing the gatekeeper’s platform.

The preamble explains that this measure is supposed to stop Google and Fb from monitoring customers who’ve denied their consent after they go to web sites which might be a part of their advert networks. The regulation solely permits requesting consent to course of private information as soon as per yr.

Advertisers will be capable to entry each aggregated and non-aggregated information for the advertisements they run. The information have to be offered so advertisers can analyse it with their instruments.

Interoperability of messaging companies

The ultimate draft confirms that the interoperability necessities have been divided into three steps. Upon designation, the gatekeeper might want to be certain that two people can alternate encrypted textual content messages, photographs, voices messages, movies and information.

Inside two years, the identical options must be interoperable for group chats. Interoperability will cowl voice and video calls between people and teams by the fourth yr. After receiving an interoperability request, the gatekeeper should present interoperability inside three months.

The ultimate draft provides stronger powers to the Fee to find out how interoperability ought to work. The EU govt will be capable to delay the above timeframe in distinctive circumstances and exempt a gatekeeper from these obligations whether it is within the public curiosity.

Primarily based on a market investigation, the Fee might impose new obligations, add or take away options or additional specify how interoperability ought to work by way of secondary laws.

Anti-bundling and circumvention

The textual content eliminated any reference to ‘ancillary’ supporting companies. Thus, the anti-bundling measures, to stop gatekeepers from tying totally different companies collectively, solely consult with identification programs, cost programs, and internet browser engines.

A change to the textual content preamble now requires enterprise customers to solely contact an end-user as soon as the gatekeeper has been immediately or not directly remunerated. That’s meant to keep away from enterprise customers’ ‘free ride’ marketplaces like Reserving to conduct transactions with the shopper immediately.

Third-party involvement

The textual content requires the Fee to facilitate the involvement of third events when participating within the regulatory dialogue and the investigations on systemic non-compliance.


The DMA is anticipated to be adopted subsequent month, that means it’ll enter into pressure in October 2022. Following that, it’ll take six months to use, taking as much as April 2023. The designation course of will begin, which could take as much as the top of summer time 2023. From there, the regulatory dialogue would formally begin. Lastly, the compliance course of will start across the first quarter of 2024.

[Edited by Nathalie Weatherald]

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